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Hip and Knee Replacement Surgery

The dedicated joint replacement unit of Advance Neuro Hospital in Patna, one of its kinds in the State, conducts replacement surgeries for knee and hip.
A specially designed complex of operating theatres incorporating advanced processes, such as laminar airflows, specialized coating of the walls of the theater which are seamless, and the special coating of the flooring which is antistatic and bacterial and fungal resistant; provides a highly sterile environment essential to avoid post surgery infections.
Availability of computer assisted joint-replacement surgery has substantially increased accuracy of the surgery.
Hip and Knee replacement surgery is a procedure in which your surgeon will remove the damaged cartilage and bone and then replace it with a new metal and plastic joint surface to restore the alignment and painless functioning of your joints.

Total Hip Replacement Surgery
There are many different causes of pain in the hip joint. These include primary osteoarthritis, or secondary arthritis due to fractures/ dislocations, rheumatoid arthritis; and osteonecrosis (AVN) (restricted blood flow to the bone).
Knee Surgery in Patna

There are a number of conditions which can cause knee pain. The most common cause of knee pain is arthritis. “Arthritis” means inflammation of a joint, but in general it describes any condition which causes damage to the cartilage.

What is Cartilage ?

The bone ends of a joint are covered with a smooth material called cartilage. The cartilage cushions the bone and allows the joint to move easily without pain. Without it, bones would grind together.

What are the causes of knee pain?

INFLAMMATORY ARTHRITIS : Osteoarthritis is the most common cause of knee pain in patients over 40 years of age. It is seen in many people as they age, although it may begin when they are younger as a result of injury or overuse. Although any joint may be involved, osteoarthritis is more common in weight-bearing joints such as the knee, hip, and spine than in the wrist, elbow, and shoulder joints. The cartilage covering the bone ends gradually wears away. Bone growths called "spurs" develop in osteoarthritic joints. The joint inflammation causes pain & swelling. Continued use of the inflamed joint produces pain.
PATELLOFEMORAL SYNDROME : This is the most common cause knee pain in patients below 40 years. Tracking of patella or knee cap is abnormal in these patients and they experience pain while going up or downstairs & while squatting.
NFLAMMATORY ARTHRITIS :Knee pain is usually associated with pain and swelling in other joints. There may be constitutional symptoms like fever, body-ache, morning stiffness, etc.
Examples of this type of arthritis are Rheumatoid Arthritis, soriatic Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Acute Rheumatic Fever, etc.
INFECTIVE ARTHRITIS :Examples of this type of arthritis are Septic and Tubercular Arthritis. Septic Arthritis is the most dangerous type which needs urgent diagnosis and treatment. Otherwise it could lead to septicaemia and a permanently damaged joint.


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